If someone asked you to define Denim, what exactly would your answer be?
DENIM: A sturdy, indigo-dyed cotton fabric available in various weights and qualities that is used to make jeans. Why is it different from other twills? Well, it is woven with a dyed warp yarn and natural fill yarn (weft), resulting in it's characteristic wear-down qualities.
Where does the word Denim come from: It is actually an Americanization of the French name "serge de Nimes," a fabric which originated in Nimes, France during the middle ages. In 1864, Webster's dictionary listed the shortened English version: Denim.
If the yards of denim were laid out, you could create a four-lane denim highway more than 60,000 miles long. Now, that's a lot of denim.
Denim comes in many varieties and most of us don't know each one.
Broken Twill: This is a 3x1 weave where the twill rib does not run in a straight diagonal line, but instead it changes direction. Why? This reduces fabric torque.
Carding: This is the process in which the cotton fibers are cleaned.
Cotton fiber: All denim begins with cotton fiber.
Faux Ring-Spun: This makes denim fabric appear to be ring-spun.
Filling Yarn: Also knows as weft yarn.
Left-Handed Twill: This produces a diagonal line.
Open-ended: This open-ended spinning was introduced in the 1970's. This makes the yarn faster and less expensive.
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