I am a
relatively new Quilter. I began my
journey in Quilting in June of 2012. I
signed up for a series of newbie Quilting classes at one of my local quilt
shops. I am blessed where I live in
Georgia to have many quilt shops nearby.
I knew that if I could conquer the piecing part of quilting that my next
step would be to learn to quilt the quilt.
A quilt is not a quilt until it is quilted. For me if I am going to make something and
say I made it, that means that I did the “whole” thing, not just a part of it.
In lieu of
having someone quilt my quilt, the need to learn to Free Motion Quilting was
right smack dab in the middle of my quilting journey. I had completed a couple of quilt tops and
it was time to quilt them! So I started
by setting up my machine with the open toed darning foot and then found that
once I put this mass of a quilt on the setup I had at the time just wasn’t
working. The quilt would slide off of
the table and start pulling. I wasn’t
able to easily move the quilt under the needle causing my stitches to be very
uneven and erratic. What was I going to do to fix this?
reaction was to learn to use a Long Arm quilting machine. The space in my home is somewhat limited and
I wasn’t sure I wanted to make that big of an investment ($10,000 - $15,000). So maybe renting a long arm at the local
quilt store was the answer. I took the
“certification” class on the Long Arm to see if that was going to be the
answer. I am kind of slow so being put
on the “clock” to quilt my quilt while renting the Long Arm still didn’t seem
to be the answer either. It meant I
would have to finish the quilting all in one day or have the hassle of
offloading the quilt and reloading it again on another day.
what I did learn was there is a young lady who had a blog on Free Motion
Quilting by the name of Leah Day who had started the Free Motion Quilting
Hallelujah! Leah saved the day. It was her tips and thoughts that really
started to make sense to me. Many of the
things she says I had read before but it really hadn’t clicked until I really
started to try and quilt a real quilt of any size. Visit her site if your really serious about
learning to FMQ with your domestic sewing machine. Also know that you don’t have to have a fancy
sewing machine like my Janome Horizon 12000 to do this. Although this machine does make it a bit
easier as it has a large throat area (about 12”). I already owned this machine as I also like
to do machine embroidery.
I also want
to thank Betty New for starting me on my journey in Free Motion Quilting. Her inspiration and encouragement to just get
in there and do it even if it isn’t perfect!
are just things that have worked for me as I have continued on my Quilting
Sewing Workspace – you need a large flat workspace
where the quilt can lie so that it doesn’t fall on the floor. Best layout would be to have an “L” shaped
space where it is nestled into a corner against the walls.
Sewing Machine on/in sewing space – Having the sewing machine
recessed into a cabinet or portable sewing table (SewEzi or a Gidget II from
Arrowhead Cabinets are a couple of choices) is ideal. I have the SewEZI sewing table and extension
table that allowed me to expand my executive desk area that I was using to sew
on. The money I spent on these was worth every penny that I spent and they are
easily stored away when I want to clean up my sewing area that is shared with
my Living Room. Not
having the sewing machine flush with the tabletop may be fine for small wall
hangings or baby quilts. A substitute
here would be large acrylic type of table (Sew Steady). If your budget doesn’t allow then get some
inexpensive long folding tables (5 or 6ft) and put them together and sit your
machine on them.
Sewing Chair – it should be adjustable to allow
you to sit comfortably in front of the sewing machine so that your elbows are
at a 90-degree angle to sewing table and sit
up straight. If your chair still
needs to be a bit higher for you, put a pillow under your butt.
Gloves or no gloves. You need
something to help you grip the fabric as you move it under the needle. I personally do not like gloves but found
that Machinger’s brand gloves to work well to allow you to grip the quilt. Your hands don’t sweat in these gloves and
allow your hands to breathe and are very comfortable. Another option that I like on smaller quilts
it to put 3 or 4 drops of Glycerin on your hands (This is a clear liquid that can
be bought at a drugstore, Walgreens or grocery store in the pharmacy near the
hand lotion section).
Hand position on the Quilt – Keep your in a
“wedge” format on each side of the needle.
Stop as needed to reposition your hands as you quilt along. The further your hands get away from the
needle the more difficult it becomes to control your stitches.
Slow your machine speed down.
Adjust the machine speed of your machine down to where you are
comfortable and then you can “mash” your foot peddle all the way down to keep a
Open Toe Darning Foot.
I had never really thought about this until I watched Leah Day’s videos
about the darning foot. I knew I need
something that was open toed, but the thought of removing the “hop” never
occurred to me. After I thought about
it, I had to agree that whoever thought a “hopping” foot was necessary was a
bit crazy. So I modified my open toe
darning foot by cutting off the bar with a pair of wire cutters that sat on top
of the cross bar on the needle lifter.
What you may need to do to your foot may vary from what I did for my
Use good quality thread. I
personally like cotton threads and I like the Superior brand. Polyester threads are fine too. Sue Nickels book “Fabulous Feathers and
Fillers” book has a nice explanation of the different type of threads and how
they are “coded” and when to use what threads when. There are many different thoughts about
threads and whether or not to mix or not to mix thread weights and colors. I say try it and if it works for you, then
Match the size of the needle to the thread weight. For finer thread use a smaller needle. I personally like to use Microtex needles. They are very sharp and pierce through the
layers of the quilt easily. Also change
your needles fairly frequently as they get dull. I always start a new project with a new
needle and then change my needle after 6 to 8 hours of sewing or if I start to
hear a “pinging” sound when I sew.
From Sue Nickels book “Fabulous Feathers
and Fillers” she has nice chart that I refer to often:
40/3 cotton thread
40-weight decorative thread
50/3 cotton thread
50/2 cotton thread
60/2 cotton thread
.004 Invisible thread
Good lighting is a must. I like
the Otte lights. Use your Joann Fabric
coupons or watch for them to go on sale. I have two floor stand lights that I
can move around as needed. Also have as
much light as possible at your machine.
My Janome Horizon 12000 has a great lighting system built into it (one
under the head in the sewing arm area, and another one that pulls out to light
up the needle area). However, you can easily
add more lighting to your machine. They
have LED lighting system that sticks under the arm in the sewing area. You can also buy a small light that sticks to
the left side of the head of the machine that lights up the needle area. I found a couple of those lights at Nancy’s
Notions for my smaller Janome machine that I use for classes that work
great. Downside is that there are extra
cords that have to be plugged in but they come with a cord management system to
keep them out of the way,
Thread Tension. When you lower your feed dogs the default
tension settings in your machine probably won’t work well and you will need to
make an adjustment. Make sure you check
your thread tension using the exact fabrics and batting that will be in your
quilt each time you start a new quit.
Just make s small quilt sandwich with some of the scraps and make some
test runs. Make sure you know how to
adjust the tension on your machine. Check
your owner’s manual for your machine.
pens. Personally I don’t like to
mark my quilts if I can help it. If I
have to mark my quilts I like to use a “chalk” type of marking pen or I also do
like the Frixion pens. These pens when
you apply heat to the ink it causes the ink to disappear (caution cold will
bring the markings back.) These pens don’t always work on all fabrics! When
using any marking pen make sure you test it BEFORE using on some scrap fabric.
Secret Solution (from Betty New) that will take out
almost any marking pen/pencil marks out of fabric:
1 part Glycerin
Dishwashing Soap (Dawn)
8 parts water
Mix together and apply to fabric and then rinse out.
13. Tracing Paper.
For complex designs where I it needs to be precise and I am not good
enough to do it freehand I will trace the design onto tracing paper and then
pin it to my quilt and then stitch onto the paper. Golden Threads makes some good quilting
paper that easily rips off. This can be
purchased on-line or some quilt shops carry it.
14. Supreme Slider. This is a Teflon sheet that sits
under your needle and under your quilt.
This allows your quilt to “glide” under the needle. They come in two sizes, 8 ½ x 11” and 8 ½” x
17”. If you have a large throat on your
machine, yes you need the larger one 8 ½” x 17” They can be purchased on-line
at http://www.freemotionslider.com or on Leah Day’s shop: http://www.daystyledesigns.com
Genie Magic Bobbin Washers™ These slick space age
washers (the white ring in the bobbin case) eliminate the backlash in the
bobbin when changing directions at high speed. Backlash creates "birds nests
“in free-motion quilting and embroidery. They can be purchased on-line at http://www.freemotionslider.com or on Leah Day’s shop: http://www.daystyledesigns.com or some quilt shops carry them.
16. Starting and Ending Threads.
Some quilters like to start/end their quilting by running the needle in
place two or three times. I don’t like
to do that and I like to bury the ends in the quilt.
When you start to quilt
make sure to pull up your bobbin thread to the top of the quilt by putting the
needle down once and then by tugging on the top thread pull up the bobbin
thread. When ending/stopping just lift
your needle and pull your quilt away from the needle leaving 4 to 6 inches of
thread and cut. Got to the bobbin thread
and cut it. Now go back to the top
thread tail and tug it up slightly and with a needle pull on the loop that is
the bobbin thread and pull it to the top.
Now take a Cheater
Needle - Clover's Self Threading Needles (these have a slot in the top of the
needle eye and you can just “pop” the threads into the eye) and thread it with
the thread tails (beginning and ending) and then put the needle in as close to
the end point as possible and then weave it into the batting without going
through the backing and then bring the needle back up through the top. Pull the threads all of the way through and
I keep this Cheater Needle next to
machine on this little magnetic base that has a suction cup (Pin Place) along
with my snips so they are always easily found and available.
Practice, Practice, Practice
Educate yourself. Seek out the experts, take classes, join your
local sewing guild and learn from others.
Practice, practice, practice.
Make some 4 or 6” quilt sandwiches and practice different free motion
designs. These can be turned in
potholders. Do remember that pushing around a 4 or 6” square of material is MUCH different than having a full size,
queen or king sized quilt under your needle!
So what have I accomplished? This is my first Free Motion Quilted Quilt. If you look carefully you can see the Free Motion doodling around the dog and the Dog Bones in the sashings. There is also dog paws in the corner stones, but you can't see them as it is black thread on black fabric, but they can be seen on the back.